Vesna Professional Secondary School for Women's Occupations


The complex of the Vesna Professional School for Women's Occupations in Lipová Street ascending Pisárky Hill in Brno was built in 1929–1930; it also featured a boarding house known as the Eliška Machová Home. This project was a collaboration between the architects Bohuslav Fuchs and Josef Polášek. The school building reveals Fuch's architectural ideals such as achieving an esthetic effect by means of empty areas on the facades. At the same time, the project was strongly influenced by Polášek's extensive knowledge of modern Dutch architecture.
The use of a ferro-concrete skeleton enabled the designers to create an entirely progressive layout in line with new architectural and hygienic principles emphasizing sufficient classroom lighting by means of large glazed areas on the facades. The ground plan of the building is divided into two tracts; while the western part consists of a wide corridor with sanitary facilities and locker rooms; the corridor grants access to the outer gallery and main staircase. The eastern tract houses classrooms whose inner space divided only by built-in wardrobes, service cells and folding walls is entirely variable, making them ideal for the school's innovative teaching methods. The roof of the school conforms to functionalist principles in that it is designed as a terrace where students could relax in the open air.